Posted in: Buying Guide


The Workings of Different Solar Batteries

A battery is made of three parts, which are the electrode, electrolyte, and the separator. A single battery always contains a minimum of two electrodes, one negative terminal and one positive terminal. The negative terminal is known as the anode, whereas a positive terminal is called a cathode. An electrolyte is the liquid in which the electrodes or terminals are placed. The electrolyte permits the charge to flow between the two terminals. Now the separator, which is the third part of the battery, basically keeps the cathode and anode from being linked directly to one another. So for completing the electrochemical reaction, the electrons have to flow through the whole wire. That is the core working of almost all kinds of battery. Now let us put this information according to different types of solar batteries to get an idea about them.

Solar batteries are lead-acid, lithium-ion, or even flow cells. The lead-acid batteries composed of a series of lead plates, also known as electrodes, in a dilute sulfuric acid solution, also called electrolyte. When this battery discharges, the hydrogen atoms from sulfuric acid in the electrolyte react with the oxygen atoms from the lead oxide in the positive plate. This reaction produces water in the battery. Meanwhile, it produces the lead sulfate at the anode and cathode. In short, it means that during the process of discharging, the sulfate ions leave the electrolyte and makes water.

However, during the charging process, the overall reaction goes in the opposite direction as it results in the production of lead oxide at the cathode. Also, always remember that overcharging such types of batteries can be harmful. When overcharging, hydrogen can be produced, which can create the danger of explosion because the hydrogen gas is flammable. That is why it is always recommended to handle batteries very carefully and take proper precautions while working with them. Extra care is also crucial for maintaining the battery’s long life and ensuring safety.

How to Check the State of Charge of Different Batteries

Talking about the lead-acid battery, the greatest advantage that a flooded lead-acid battery (a type of lead-acid battery) possesses is the ability to quickly and easily determine its state of charge. In renewable power applications, such batteries mostly need to charge daily. This charge is primarily a voltage and current controlled charge that is necessary for feeding the battery. As the solar panels and batteries age from time to time and solar exposure changes, some conditions develop that stop the battery from getting a full and complete charge. That is why it is crucial to always check the state of all kinds of batteries and determine their health. Due to the quick determination of the situation of the battery, a flooded lead-acid battery is considered advantageous.

Most batteries also come with detachable vent caps that permit one to use a hydrometer for measuring a particular gravity of an electrolyte. It is another way of checking the state of charge in different cells. Also, electrolyte specific gravity varies with the charged state of the battery. When a battery is entirely charged, all the obtainable sulfates are held in the sulfuric acid electrolyte which, in turn, raises the electrolyte’s specific gravity. And when a battery is discharged, all the sulfate ions available in the electrolyte go back into the plates, which lowers the electrolyte’s specific gravity. Here is a step-by-step guide on how you can check the state of a solar battery.

Step by Step Guide on Checking the State of a Solar Battery

Electronic battery checkers and load testers offer valuable and relevant information, but using a hydrometer can provide the most reliable and authentic information about the state of charge. Using a hydrometer for checking the battery’s state of charge is very simple as compared to other methods. Follow these steps for checking the state of charge of a battery, but first ensure that your battery is entirely charged.

  • Firstly, you have to ensure that you are checking the battery in a properly ventilated area. Also, make sure that you are equipped with all the safety equipment including gloves and eye protection glasses and have taken the necessary safety measures.
  • Use a high-quality battery hydrometer for checking your battery. Most hydrometers are made up of plastic and possess a float with several specific gravity and state of charge readings on them.
  • Once you are in the right place with the necessary equipment, start your process by detaching the vent cup of the battery by following the instructions in the manual or according to manufacturer’s or supplier’s recommendations.
  • Into one of the battery’s cells, insert the hydrometer and draw in some electrolyte. After that, squirt it back inside the cell. The purpose behind doing so is to mix the electrolyte properly for getting a good reading.
  • Now draw in the electrolyte again and permit it a few seconds for settling the hydrometer float. It will help you get a stable reading.
  • Write down the reading that is showing on the hydrometer float. Please correct the reading by using the following three correction factors to obtain the right result:
    • Add 0.004 for every 10⁰F that is exceeding 80⁰F or add 0.005 for every 7⁰C that is exceeding 27⁰C.
    • Subtract 0.004 for every 10⁰F that is below 80⁰F or deduct 0.005 for every 7⁰C that is below 27⁰C.
    • Also remember that some of the hydrometers can automatically correct the temperature, so if you own such a device, there is no need to rectify the reading.
  • Now repeat the complete process with each of the cells of the battery and write the readings down correctly.
  • If you mistakenly spill the electrolyte on the battery, please remember to wipe it with a paper towel carefully.
  • Now put back the vent caps correctly onto the battery.
  • Now check the specifications given by the manufacturer of the battery that you’re using to find out the specific gravity reading of a fully charged battery.
Posted in: Sharing

Increase the SpeedE-Z-GO electric golf carts are some of the most extensively utilized carts in the golf industry. Their comparatively noiseless operating engines on the course and their credibility make them one of the benchmarks. If you happen to possess one and you discover that it doesn’t quite contain the horsepower you want, here are some instructions you can follow that will let you to increase the speed of your E-Z-GO and get you round the course with higher comfort. Performing some of the essential things to make your cart become speedier necessitates knowledge of how to work on an engine.

A Clean Engine Is Always Handy

Wipe clean the engine with some hot, soapy water and a rag, and run it over the full engine. A tidy engine would intrinsically operate at a finer level, than the one that is greasy and clogged up.

A Technician Is a Better Choice

Examine the engine bits and swap any parts, plus belts that need to be mended or are damaged. Basic vehicle tools will operate for altering out most parts. If you are not instinctively motivated, it will be good for you to carry the cart to a certified repair technician and have any pieces altered that appear frayed.

How to Get Good Performance

Swap the motor. Once more, minus accurate training, this job might be slight too much to undertake. You can acquire a diversity of good-performance motors for E-Z-GO golf carts, both from the maker and after-market. Search online to inquire your local golf shop about the likelihoods of substituting your motor with a greater powered model.

What to Do With the Chip

Shift the chip. E-Z-GO carts contain a chip that limits the velocity of the cart, similar to a governor on gas carts. Alter out the chip to an E-Z-GO Freedom Chip. The procedure is quite stress-free. Just utilize a flat head screwdriver to dislodge the controller cover that is beneath the seat on the passenger side. Then force out the present chip and add the novel one.

Determine the Gear Ratio

Alter the gear ratio. Preferably for your cart to attain more speed, you need a gear ratio of 6:1. A number of fresher E-Z-GO carts display a 10.45:1 gear ratio, which isn’t awful, but if you need more speed, altering it would create a transformation. The gears are situated in the transaxle beneath the cart, amid the motor and the drive axle.

Tips and Warning to Live By

If you’re amateurish at mechanics, altering the gear ratio and trading the motor must be left to a skilled E-Z-GO facility professional. Harm could happen.

Posted in: Buying Guide

JointerA jointer is a tool utilized for making level surfaces beside a piece of wood’s rims and faces. A good number of pieces of lumber are vended as rectangle boards, which could be custom cut into dissimilar lengths, widths, and thicknesses. Though, when big parts of wood are sliced down to size, the exteriors are not smooth. A jointer operates by leveling the faces and rims of the wood. The portion is put on the in-feed table, where it goes over steel sawing blades, and then is forced out of the out-feed table. This procedure is reiterated until all the edges are leveled out. Flawlessly even faces are much better-looking than rough ones, but jointers are mostly expended to safeguard two pieces of wood that can be combined together without any hitches.

How to Use a Jointer

  1. Maximum jointers offer some useful characteristics that help render the jointing process more expectable.
  2. Be certain that you know how to accurately set profundity of cut, alter the fence, tension the drive belt, amend blades, etc.
  3. A correctly adjusted jointer is unfavorable.
  4. Expend the finest straight edge that you have to guarantee that the tables are prepared as flawlessly coplanar or parallel, as you can get.
  5. Place the fence to an effortlessly square position utilizing a machinists’ square or digital angle gauge.
  6. Without a square fence a jointer will only make you go nuts, and would not be worth the footprint that it devours in your shop.
  7. Your jointer’s volume boundaries would be regulated by the size and extensiveness of its beds.
  8. For safekeeping motives you need to fix a lower frontier on the size of board you will operate through the jointer.
  9. Inspect your jointer’s manual for particulars, but in certain cases the tiniest suggested piece will be in the scale of 1/2 thick x 2″ wide x 12″ long.
  10. Don’t let yourself submit to the enticement of milling smaller stock.

Types of Jointers

There are numerous kinds that are particularly created for particular sorts of projects. Every jointer delivers a dissimilar type of finish relying on the job kind. Discover more about these kinds of jointers below.

The Open Stand Jointers

This kind of jointer is stress-free to shift and travel. Though, it can be a tad louder than other jointers that have shut cabinet machines as the motor is bare. Therefore, the term is open stand.

The Closed Stand Jointers

This is the most popular jointer you can get in the market today. It lands in four sizes that are, 6, 8, 12 and 16 inches. This jointer approaches in a bounded base to create the motor and at the same time defend it from dust. It also reduces the sound and vibration when sawing wood. The enclosure gives more mass to the jointer, providing it more constancy and fortification.

The Bench-Top Jointers

These kinds of jointers are the toddler forms of table jointers stated in the first kind. This would be handy for minor projects. Though, if you need a sturdier and greater board, this will not be capable to assist that. Its supreme sawing width is merely 6 inches.

The Jointer or the Planers

You will learn that there are two categories of combination jointer/planers. One being the over/under amalgamation and the other one is a side-by-side blend. The over/under combination has a lone cutter and a lone table. The benefit of this kind of jointer is that you don’t have to buy individual planer tools. You’ll be capable to conserve on work space.

Additional Kinds of Jointers

Many other sorts of jointers can be discovered in the market. You can further categorize them into the following types;

  • The Brick Jointers
  • The Heavy-Duty Jointers
  • The Bit-Grapevine Jointers
  • The Grapevine Jointers
  • The Barrel Jointers
  • The Acrylic Jointers
  • The Flat Combination Jointers 
  • The Interchangeable Jointers
  • Drill Press Table
  • Drill Press Vise
Posted in: Buying Guide

Nowadays, the usage of electric bicycle is more and more popular. And the problems of using electric bicycle also come up with. One of the most severe problems is that the life expectancy of electric bicycle battery is not as long as users’ expectation. In this article of 6 tips to lengthen the electric bicycle battery’s lifespan will give you how to make your battery stay longer.

  • “Exposure in the sun” is contributing to reducing the electric bicycle’s lifespan of the battery.

Another issue affecting the life of the batteries is that riders do not know how to use electric bicycles properly. This contributes to faster battery-damaging process. So what should be noted when using the electric bicycle with battery?


  • Pay attention to the  charging time

The length of the standard battery charging time is only from 6-8 hours.Whereas, the charging time of the Pin electric bicycle charger just lasts from 4-6 hours. However, many people are used to charging longer than normal if their charger is no longer good. This sometimes leads to the dangerous electric fire. If the rechargeable battery is expired, this makes rapid battery down, so you need to note this point.

  • Don’t make your bicycle become a truck.

Many people have the habit of carrying one or more people when using electric bicycle even though this habit is quite good. However, there is a fact that the more people are on the bicycle, the more vehicle weight increased. The bicycle needs to use a larger amount of power to have the ability to carry the extra weight. This makes the bicycle fast runs out of power than the standard.

To be good for your bicycle, you should remember one thing. That’s especially for the first time of using, you should let your bicycle run without loading anything within 8-10 hours after being fully-charged, This would be very good for the life of the battery.

  • Do not accelerate too sharply while running electronic bicycle.

Many people ride, especially the young ones, have a habit of “fly” faster with the increase of the terminal end of the ride electric bikes to run faster. However, this habit was the culprit. This makes the electric bicycle battery faster out of work. The reason is that when you strongly pull to the highest level of the battery, requiring more powerful resources to meet the needs of people running away. Therefore, this is to free up more battery power than normal. If this situation occurs in a long time, it will certainly affect the lifespan of the battery, which you soon to replace the new battery. The rechargeable battery makes the battery more quickly than was the bottle.


  • Pay attention to battery’s alarm before using the bicycle

Alarm clock batteries in the electric bicycle are not for decoration only. Its function is to signal the users about the remaining amount of time you can ride. Before going out, you should check that there is much enough amount of battery for an electric bike to run. And, if it hits the red line (running low on battery), you should charge it before going. The operation of electric bicycles as cars in low energy levels adversely impact the longevity of batteries, that’s not to mention that you have brought the car when the car ran out of battery. So, pay attention to the battery’s clock. They are necessary skills required when using a bicycle.

  • Not put your electric bicycle under the sun.

In high temperature, batteries will self-discharge the battery’s capacity. The ideal working temperature of the battery is between 20-25 degrees Celsius. Therefore, you should not run your bicycle outdoors when the temperature is too high. And you also should not expose the bicycle to the sun. It is so harmful to your electric bicycle. Remember this.

6 tips to lengthen the electric bicycle battery’s lifespan – Conclusion

This is the article of 6 tips to lengthen the electric bicycle battery’s lifespan. Hope that after referencing these tips, you can gain the knowledge. How to choose the best battery for your car and even how to protect it are mentioned in 6 tips to lengthen the electric bicycle battery’s lifespan. From that, your battery can “live” longer.

For more information, you can click here!

Thank for your concerning about this 6 tips to lengthen the electric bicycle battery’s lifespan. If you have any comment about this, leave it here.

Posted in: Apologize

This may seem to come out of left field but, was doing some soul searching this morning while watching the morning news and at 67 I finally seen my prejudices for what they truly are. Am i prejudiced by a person’s color, their gender, their sexual preferences? I think not! I spent many years in the military and shared my water, food, laughs and tears with many men of other races. They fought beside me and some died beside me. I had essentially put my life in their hand and they put their life in mine; I wasn’t offended that a “black man” was protecting me nor did I feel less safe because of his color. All that I knew is that I had a “brother” that would give his life for me!

We as individuals in the military in our hearts do not care what color a man is that is protecting us only that he is and we believe in him and his love of his brothers to his left and right. Then we leave the military and society now says we must have a barrier between us because of our color. Why do we let something we fought against together separate us later. If you were my brother then, you’re my brother now. How could I have forgotten the devotion we had for each other because of social stigmas. Shame on me for forgetting my brothers and allowing myself to become swept up in prejudice and bowing to antiquated social norms. You men of color risked your lives for me and I will never again forget you and be eternally in your debt.

I apologize for those that never shared our bond, they can’t see the color of a man’s heart because of the color of his skin.

Don’t know why I wrote this. Just felt like I needed to separate myself from my conscious (FINALLY).


Posted in: Buying Guide

Tableware sales during the 1994 Christmas season have increased into the double-digits and began during the Thanksgiving weekend. The top 1994 holiday product categories include Chanukah and Christmas dinnerware, glass serveware, crystal stems, vases and figurines. Al’s Pottery, China and Crystal, Mayfield Heights, OH, reported double-digit sales increases this season. Classic dinnerware patterns from Lenox, Spode and Nikko are the stores top sellers.


Retailers are more than optimistic about Christmas 1994 sales of tableware; they say increases are running into the double digits and started with the Thanksgiving weekend.


Top product categories for the 1994 holiday season include Christmas and Chanukah dinnerware; chargers; figurines; glass serveware and crystal stems and vases.


Ellen Lippmann, president of Al’s Pottery, China & Crystal in Mayfield Heights, Ohio, said her store is experiencing double-digit increases this season. “We always go into the holiday season with optimism,” she said. “The store is stocked in such a way that the amount of merchandise we carry is over-whelming–everything from breadmakers to a beautiful casserole to a full dinnerware set. We want to convey the feeling that a customer can find everything.”


Christmas dinnerware and collectible items are doing very well at Al’s, Lippmann said, and classic patterns from Lenox, Spode and Nikko are strong performers. The company has also brought in Chanukah dinnerware for the first time, namely the Dreidel and Latka pattern from Rosanna Imports. The line, “very contemporary and fun, has performed well for us,” as have Christmas collectibles from Department 56 and Lenox’s nativity scene and seasonal collectibles.


In the china department at Neiman Marcus, sales figures for the fist week following Thanksgiving have also doubled from last year, said David Spaldings, china buyer for the Dallas, Texas-based retailer. “We’ve had a fabulous first week of sales. People are spending money again.”


Spaldings said charger plates are solid sellers, particularly Rosenthal’s Versace patterns, which the retailer “can’t keep enough of in stock.” Bernardaud is also a top vendor for Neiman Marcus, with its Metroples pattern coming in first place. “It’s a high-end pattern that reaches a lot of classifications,” Spaldings added. The department also does a lot of business with the high end of Royal Copenhagen’s line as well as Herend figurines, from $45 on up.


In Neiman Marcus’ crystal department, David Altman, crystal buyer for the retailer, is “guardedly optimistic for the holidays.” Certain aspects of Neiman Marcus’ crystal business have been strong this quarter, he added. The retailer’s “Waterford and Orrefors business is good. Lalique has been exceptional, and our Daum business is fabulous. The three new animals from Baccarat and Baccarat’s Oceana pattern are also performing very well.”


New “saleable” products from the previously mentioned vendors are driving Neiman Marcus’ crystal business and will continue to do so into the new year. “There’s always a big business done at the high end,” said Altman. “Our customers respond to that.”


The vase category overall has been “hot” for Neiman Marcus, Altman continued, with “key price points driving the category.”


Upstairs tabletop departments aren’t alone in reporting active sales.


“There’s been a lot of good growth in housewares for the holiday season,” said an East Coast-based housewares buyer. “Ceramic mugs and the entire glass category as whole has had phenomenal growth, particularly Irish coffee mugs.” Ceramics, a category which has been underdeveloped for this retailer in the past, will be its strongest growth category beyond the fourth quarter, he added.


Glassware is being reported by housewares buyers as the strongest category for the holiday season.


“There’s so much more happening with glass stemware, barware and serveware, and the lighting category in particular,” this quarter, said Bob Kellner, divisional merchandise manager for Burdines, Miami, Fla. “I see lighting doing particularly well for Christmas.” Kellner anticipates that lighting will be a growth category for 1995 and has added to the mix.


In-store events and promotions during the holiday season are helping to bring in sales.


Al’s Pottery, China & Crystal is running a holiday promotion on Royal Doulton stemware. The Wesley pattern, which is retailing at $19 per stem, “is doing extremely well for the holidays,” said Lippman.
Herend Imports shows at Neiman Marcus’ Atlanta and Northpark, Ill. china departments this season have brought in $100,000 in sales each. In addition, the crystal department is promoting Waterford’s Classic line by designer Jim O’Leary at nine locations.

Posted in: Buying Guide


A drill press is manufactured originally for metalworking trades. Today, the drill presses are the most resourceful tools you can keep in your home shop. They will give you the benefits of jigs, cutting of tools and will come with attachments that will allow you to turn your machine into a dynamo. Putting money in high-end quality machines does not render you to perform only drilling purpose for metal but it also helps you to carry out woodworking tasks like mortising and sanding. I will like to announce that it has been stated that a drill press is the second most excellent tool you can have in your home shop.

  • How to Choose

With so many guides rolling around on the internet, it gets difficult to decide upon one that will fulfill your craving of handling professional tasks. So, to make matters better, I have opted for a helpful guide that will assist you on what to search for in a drill press and the results will take you to your own masterpiece. You need to have plenty of pros, cons, key points and facts before buying a drill press. One thing, I will really like to stress about is keep your budget a little reasonable because spending more money really takes you to a good device.

  • Sturdily Constructed

Make sure your drill press is solidly built or otherwise you won’t be able to work properly the rest of your life. A sturdily made machine allows you to perform wok precisely and does not move around destructing the project. This feature is one of the most vital characteristics of a drill press.

  • Ribbing

It is necessary to lookout for a ribbed table and base for your drill press to function strongly, this signifies the strength of a drill press. Also, a slotted or slanted base with the ledges at the side lets you work easily with the assurance of convenience and safety.

  • Flat Table

It is best to work on a table that is flat on the surface and does not contain any uneven sides that may hinder your work. Flat surfaces have the advantage of enabling large work-pieces. This way, you’ll be able to work with accuracy and can easily adjust the dimensions of the table according to your drilling situations.

  • Need This

A cast iron head is something you must find in a drill press because it assists you to work with superb support and enables strong hold for all the parts of the drill press machine. We can definitely say that this sentence goes for quill, motor and pinion shaft.

  • Key Chuck

A drill press should definitely include a chuck that is tightened by a wrench, a key or by hand. Your chuck should have a 1/2inch space to house numerous sized accessories and bits. Some taper-mounted chucks are found in drills and this is a brilliant choice to go for because then, your chuck never runs-out. Also, some other chucks are opened by a key and it should be kept in mind not to leave the key in by mistake.

  • Adjustment for Depth

If your job requires drilling the same sized holes, this feature enables just that. It eradicates the guesswork and lets you create as many holes as possible of similar depth.

  • Modifiable Motor Bracket Support

If your motor bracket support isn’t adjustable, you won’t be able to support motor. Better to buy drill press with this feature and make sure the support is built sturdily and has a movable option for proper belt tension.

  • Several Speeds

A drill press with numerous speed options is best for drilling wood, plastic, ceramics, glass and metal. Also, you can come upon a triple pulley prearrangement to select dissimilar speeds varying from 250 rpm to 3,000 rpm.

  • Replacement Parts and Services

It is good to buy a drill press with which replacement parts and services are available, plus a good customer support too.

  • Fixtures

A manufacture that has a wide range of accessories for your drill press is the best, so that you can choose the best accessories for your drill press. This way, you won’t have to buy irregular parts, for your manufacturer will help you with the possible parts.